Rooftop Solar First Solar's R&D team in Perrysburg, Ohio. 
Photo Credit: Business Wire

Published on April 10th, 2013 | by Zachary Shahan

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First Solar Crushes Thin-Film Efficiency Record, Acquires TetraSun (& Stock Surges)

April 10th, 2013 by Zachary Shahan
 

If I was a gambler, I’d put some of my money on First Solar (and, to be honest, I’m thinking about it). Some of its latest big announcements, which I’ll discuss in more detail below, include: crushing the world record for cadmium-telluride (CdTe) photovoltaic (PV) module conversion efficiency (bringing the record up from 14.4% to 16.1%); acquiring TetraSun (which will probably lead to some more world records); announcing an attractive full-year 2013 guidance and some positive summary financial targets through 2015.

World Record Efficiency

First Solar's R&D team in Perrysburg, Ohio.  Photo Credit: Business Wire

First Solar’s R&D team in Perrysburg, Ohio.
Photo Credit: Business Wire

First, in a statement published yesterday, First Solar wrote: “First Solar, Inc. (Nasdaq: FSLR) today announced it set a new world record for cadmium-telluride (CdTe) photovoltaic (PV) module conversion efficiency, achieving a record 16.1 percent total area module efficiency in tests confirmed by the U.S. Departmentof Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The new record is a substantial increase over the prior record of 14.4 percent efficiency, which the Company set in January 2012. Separately, First Solar also set a record for CdTe open circuit voltage (VOC), a critical parameter for PV performance, reaching 903.2 millivolts (mV) in NREL-certified testing. This new record marks the first substantial increase in CdTe VOC in over a decade of international R&D. The new records come just six weeks after First Solar announced a new world record for CdTe solar cell efficiency of 18.7 percent.”

Yep, from the looks of it, First Solar is a record-breaking fiend. That might also explain why it’s the #1 solar developer and #2 solar module manufacturer in the world.

Going on: “Transferring its success in the R&D lab to its commercial modules, First Solar also launched a new evolution of its proven Series 3 thin-film PV module platform, the Series 3 BlackTM, which incorporates First Solar’s latest advances in conversion efficiency as well as additional features to enhance its performance in utility-scale power plants. The all-black module’s change in appearance results from the use of an advanced, all-black edge seal technology combined with an innovative encapsulation material that further enhances its field durability and demonstrates improvements in accelerated life testing results.”

Remind you of something? Perhaps SunPower’s new X-Series solar panels (which are quite black themselves and also hold a world record in efficiency).

For more details on First Solar’s new modules, check out its press release on them. One last thing I’ll note from this release is that the company is now moving forward its efficiency roadmaps because of the faster than expected improvements:

“Based on the Company’s record-setting technology and robust Series 3 Black platform, the Company also has accelerated its module conversion efficiency roadmap, raising its lead production line module efficiency target for 2015 to 15-16.2 percent. First Solar also extended its module conversion efficiency roadmap to 2017, with targets for lead production line module efficiency of 16.2-16.9 percent in 2016 and 16.4-17.1 percent in 2017.”

I spoke with First Solar’s CTO in January at the International Renewable Energy Conference (part of Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week), at which point he mentioned that they had some big news coming out within a few months (but which he couldn’t yet disclose). I have a feeling the above is what he was referring to, or perhaps it was the story below.

Acquiring TetraSun

TetraSun has developed breakthrough solar cell architecture. Photo Credit: Business Wire

TetraSun has developed breakthrough solar cell architecture. First Solar now has it. Photo Credit: Business Wire

To further bolster its efficiency world records, First Solar has also gone and bought TetraSun. TetraSun, as the release noted, is “a solar photovoltaic (PV) technology startup which has developed a break-through cell architecture capable of conversion efficiencies exceeding 21 percent with commercial-scale manufacturing costs comparable to conventional multicrystalline silicon solar cells.”

While the first story above makes clear that First Solar has a pretty tremendous in-house R&D team, and I’ve mostly seen its advancements coming out of that, purchasing a little bit of breakthrough technology (and the innovators who created it) can’t hurt. Regarding the TetraSun innovators, all 14 of them are now joining First Solar, some of whom have previously worked at SunPower (remember that note above?) and Fraunhofer, a world-leading research institute based in Germany. Here are some more details on the acquisition and TetraSun technology:

First Solar signed a definitive agreement to acquire TetraSun from JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation and other investors, including TetraSun management. Terms of the transaction, which is expected to close in the second quarter of 2013, were not disclosed. First Solar and JX Nippon Oil & Energy also have entered into discussions on an agreement to distribute the technology in Japan.

TetraSun’s core technology is a proprietary cell architecture which breaks the historical tie between high-efficiency and high-cost. Compared to other high-efficiency crystalline silicon cells, TetraSun’s advanced cell design is simpler and optimized for manufacturing, requiring fewer process steps with wider tolerances. The design enables high-volume production with higher yields using readily available equipment. Cost-effectiveness is further enhanced by using large-format (156 mm) n-type wafers and eliminating the need for expensive silver and transparent conductive oxide (TCO). The technology also benefits from a low temperature coefficient of power, which produces superior energy yields in hot climates compared to typical silicon PV modules. First Solar tentatively plans to begin commercial-scale manufacturing of the new technology in the second half of 2014.

“This breakthrough technology will unlock the half of the PV market which favors high-efficiency solutions, which has been unserved by First Solar to date,” said Jim Hughes, CEO of First Solar. “This new capability to meet the needs of customers with distributed generation applications, coupled with our leading CadTel offering which remains the benchmark for utility-scale systems, gives us a unique end-to-end suite of solutions to serve the full spectrum of commercial applications.”

Most likely, by “the PV market which favors high-efficiency solutions,” Hughes is referring to rooftop solar. Of course, there are some other segments as well, but I think that’s the big one for that portion of the market.

For a couple more quotes on this acquisition, see the full First Solar press release.

Financial Guidance

If the above wasn’t enough good news for you, First Solar has even more:

For 2013, First Solar expects total module shipments to be between 1.6GW and 1.8GW and net sales of $3.8 and $4.0 billion, including approximately $3.6 billion in net sales from systems sales. Consolidated gross margin is expected to be between 20 and 22 percent. Excluding up to $10 million in restructuring expense as previously announced, diluted EPS is expected to be between $4.00 and $4.50, and consolidated operating income is expected to be between$430 and $460 million. The Company expects to generate $0.8 to $1.0 billion of operating cash flow and plans for approximately $350 to $400 million in capital expenditures in 2013. Working capital is expected to decrease by between $50 and $200 million from 2012. The Company noted that revenue recognition for the Desert Sunlight project is currently expected to begin in the second half of 2013 and conclude by late 2014. This assumption is reflected in the Company’s 2013 guidance and 2014 outlook.

In addition to the 2013 detailed guidance, the Company also provided a summary outlook for 2014 and 2015 as follows:

2014 Target 2015 Target
Module Shipments 1.8 to 2.2GW 2.3 to 2.7GW
Net Sales $3.5 to $4.0Billion $4.2 to $4.8Billion
Earnings Per Fully Diluted Share $2.50-$4.00 $4.00-$6.00
Operating Cash Flow $500 to $800Million $600Million to $1Billion

Stock Jumps

Naturally, with so much good news, First Solar stock has jumped considerably. From Reuters: “First Solar shares logged their biggest ever one-day jump on Tuesday after the company said revenue and earnings for the next three years would be well above most Wall Street estimates and announced that it would acquire a new solar technology.”

The jump? 45% or $12.31 (up to $39.35) on the New York Stock Exchange. Not too shabby.

No, I have no financial interest or ties to the company, but maybe it’s about time I jump on board. I’ve been thinking about it for awhile, and while jumping in right after a steep rise may not be advisable, it’s worth noting that this is nowhere near the company’s all-time high. “They hit a high of $41 earlier in the session, a level unseen in more than a year, but still far below the $300 the stock traded for five years ago,” Reuters adds.

As far as the unexpected departure of First Solar’s executive vice president of global business, Jim Brown, we’re still not quite sure what happened there.

And if you missed some of First Solar’s other recent news, it recently acquired a 150 MW solar power plant in Imperial County, CA; and became an investor in the massive Desertec project in the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe.

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About the Author

is the director of CleanTechnica, the most popular cleantech-focused website in the world, and Planetsave, a world-leading green and science news site. He has been covering green news of various sorts since 2008, and he has been especially focused on solar energy, electric vehicles, and wind energy since 2009. Aside from his work on CleanTechnica and Planetsave, he's the founder and director of Solar Love, EV Obsession, and Bikocity. To connect with Zach on some of your favorite social networks, go to ZacharyShahan.com and click on the relevant buttons.



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